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Cultural Resources Reconnaissance of the Proposed Factory Shoals Wilderness Park, Newton County, Georgia

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A cultural resources reconnaissance was conducted of a 60 ha tract of land on the Alcovy River in Newton County, Georgia that is to be developed into a wilderness park. Nine archaeological sites were located, seven of which. (9Ne17 through.9Ne23) were components of the nineteenth century community of Newton Factory. This community developed because of the abundant water-power available at the shoals of the river and included Newton Factory (9Ne17) and White's Factory (9Ne18), both chiefly cotton factories and Jones grist mill (9Ne19). The other four nineteenth century sites were residences. One aboriginal plow zone site, 9Ne24, and one twentieth century house site, 9Ne25, were also located.