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Archaeological Survey of the Evans County Watershed

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Year of Publication

Between October 7 and November 29, 1974, the University of Georgia conducted an archaeological survey of the Evans County Watershed, in Evans, Tattnall, and Candler Counties, for the Soil Conservation Service. The purposes of this survey were to find and evaluate archaeological and historical sites located in areas of proposed structural measures (channels, ponds, multipurpose reservoirs) and to make recommendations concerning the preservation of such sites to the Soil Conservation Service. The field investigation of project structure areas consisted of surface reconnaissance and subsurface testing. Cleared ground (cultivated fields, roads, etc.) in and adjacent to project structure areas was carefully inspected for archaeological remains. Where ground cover prevented such surface inspection or where alluvial or aeolian soil deposition had occurred, posthole tests and small shovel tests were made. When archaeological remains were encountered in or adjacent to project structure areas, test pits (usually measuring 3 x 5 feet) were excavated in order to determine the presence or absence of undisturbed occupations strata. Field investigations were conducted over a six week period, between October 7 and November 15. During this period, all structure areas included in the Evans County Watershed project were visited and investigated as described above. Laboratory analysis and report writing were accomplished between November 15 and 30.