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An Archaeological Survey of Structures 1, 2, 3, 33, 51, and 60, Grove River Watershed, Jackson and Banks Counties, Georgia, 1975

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This report represents the results of a field survey of archaeological sites in five proposed construction areas in the Grove River Watershed, Jackson and Banks Counties, Georgia. The five areas surveyed are: Structure 33 located on a small tributary of Grove Creek in Banks and Jackson Counties; Structure 51 on Grove River in Banks County; Structure 58 on Crooked Creek in Banks and Jackson Counties; Structure 60 on Hickory Creek in Banks County; and 15 miles of Grove River channel in Banks County. Structures 33, 51, 58, and 60 are small reservoirs. The Grove River channel project consists of three sand pumping and storage facilities (Structures 1, 2, and 3) and 15 miles of river channel to be deepened by sand removal. The field survey required 90 man hours to complete and was conducted over an eight week period between March 28 and May 25, 1975. Laboratory analysis and report writing required 30 man hours and were accomplished between May 25 and July 25, 1975. The survey was funded and this report prepared under the provisions of a contractual agreement between the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service and the Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia. As outlined in the agreement specifications (see attached copy in Appendix), the contract stipulates the submission of a final report containing the following: (1) the determination, description and map location of all archaeological sites in the construction areas; (2) an assessment of the potential effect of the proposed construction on the archaeological resources; (3) a suggested program of the measures and estimated costs necessary to adequately mitigate the impact of the construction on the resources; and (4) the determination of the archaeological and historical levels of significance of the sites for nomination to the National Registry of Historic Places. This information is presented in the present report. Mr. Richard W. Jefferies, as Field Director, was responsible for the field survey, laboratory analysis and report writing. David J. Hally, as Principal Investigator, provided limited supervision of all phases of the project and assisted in report writing.