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Archaeological Survey of the Sandy Creek-Trail Creek Watershed

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Between January 20 and March 14, 1975, the University of Georgia conducted an archaeological survey of the Little Sandy and Trail Creek watershed located in Clarke, Jackson, and Madison counties. The purpose of this survey was to locate and evaluate prehistoric and historic archaeological sites in the areas of proposed structural measures (channels, ponds, multipurpose reservoirs) and to make recommendations concerning the preservation of such sites to the Soil Conservation Service. The field investigation of project structure areas consisted of surface reconnaissance and subsurface testing. Cleared ground (cultivated fields, roads, etc) in and adjacent to project structure areas was carefully inspected for archaeological remains. Where ground cover prevented such surface inspection or where alluvial or aeolian soil deposition occurred, posthole and small shovel tests were made at frequent intervals. Test pits were excavated when numerous artifacts were present on the ground surface and the condition of the soil indicated that undisturbed subsurface midden or features might be present. Field investigations required 75 man hours to complete extending over a six week period between January 20 and March 4, 1975. During this period, all structure areas included in the Little Sandy Trail Creek Watershed Project were visited and investigated as described above. Laboratory analysis and report writing required 10 man hours accomplished between March 4 and March 18.