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Walnut Roughened


This type was originally defined by Jesse Jennings and Charles Fairbanks in the Southeastern Archaeological Conference Bulletin. This type is named after Walnut Creek that joins the Ocmulgee River on the eastern boundary of Ocmulgee National Monument in Macon. The name oddly has nothing to do with roughening the surface of a vessel using the rough exterior of a walnut!

Sorting Criteria

Medium width, sharp-line incising and punctations on coarse shell-tempered pottery. Designs include widely spaced diagonal lines, hachured triangles, and curvilinear guilloche. Punctates or short vertical slashes, at base of incised band. Vessel forms are globular with a little shoulder; orifices are not much smaller than widest part of the vessel. Rims are flaring, some nearly horizontal, from straight or slightly constricted neck. Lips are rounded, some flattened usually everted.

Geographical Range
Macon Plateau area in Bibb County. Perhaps middle Georgia west to eastern Alabama.
Chronological Range
Historic period, late 17th to early 18th centuries.
Surface Treatment
Pottery Image(s)