See King George Incised. Sheila Caldwell based this on Joseph Caldwell's earlier work at Fort King George, when she was conducting (unpublished) excavations there in the early 1950s. She initially named another incised type, Darien Incised, but apparently intended to collapse this into her Altamaha Incised. See McIntosh Incised also.
Defined by Hale Smith from excavations in the Tallahassee, Florida area. Named after the Aucilla River. Historic Apalachee Indian incised pottery. Somewhat related to Ocmulgee Fields Incised.
Defined by David Chase. Named after the Averett site.
Defined by Gordon Willey in his 1949 report. Directly associated with Alligator Bayou Stamped. The difference between these two types is that the Alligator Bayou Stamped has rocker stamping associated with bold incised lines, while Basin Bayou Incised has just the bold lines without the rocker stamping. Named after the Basin Bayou sites, 8Wl13 and 8Wl14 in Walton County, Florida.
Name used by Antonio Waring for incised fiber tempered pottery in Chatham County on the northern Georgia Coast. Named after the Bilbo site in Chatham County. Material is the same as Stallings Incised material and St. Simons Incised. Stephen Williams gives a good description of the confusion / politics associated with this triple naming in the Waring Volume.
Used, but never formall defined by Antonio Waring in several of his papers that were eventually published in 1967. Type related to types of the Gulf Coast, with connections to the west. Perhaps related to Crystal River Zoned Red.
Defined by Gordon Willey in 1949. Named after the Carrabelle site, 8Fr2, in Franklin County, Florida.
This type is basically identical to Lamar Incised and was named from excavations at the Chauga site in the 1950s.
Defined by David DeJarnette at the Childersburg site in east-central Alabama.
Defined by Wesley Hurt from his work in east-central Alabama as part of the Walter F. George Reservoir survey. Named after the town of Columbia, Alabama in Houston County.
Recognized by Harold Huscher at the Cool Branch site in Quitman County, Georgia, and defined by William Sears based upon excavation at the Tierra Verde site in Florida. See discussion by Frank Schnell, Jim Knight, and Gail Schnell.
Named by Gordon Willey in 1949. It is part of the Crystal River series, and thus presumably ancestral to the Weeden Island series. Named after the Crystal River site, 8Ci1, in Citrus County, Florida.
Named after the Crystal River site, 8Ci1, in Citrus County, Florida by Gordon Willey in 1949.
This is named for the old town of Dallas, Tennessee, now at the bottom of Chickamauga Lake on the Tennessee River.
Named by Sheila Kelly for a time for an incised pottery that she eventually included/renamed as Altamaha Incised.
Named after DeArmond, a small town near the head of Watt's Bar Reservoir. An undescribed variant of Dallas Decorated. Mentioned by Broyles in 1967.
Named by Gordon Willey for incised material from the Englewood Mound, 8So1, in Sarasota County, Florida. We doubt that this type occurs in Georgia.
Named after the Etowah site (9Br1) by Robert Wauchope.
Named by John Worth from excavations at the Fig Springs site in northern Florida. Part of Worth's Suwannee Valley series.
This is a type named by Marion Heimlich for the Flint River in north-central Alabama, not the Georgia river of the same name. We do not know anyone in Georgia that has used this type name.
This type was named by Gordon Willey. This type is part of the Weeden Island pottery series. Named after the Indian Pass Point site, 8Gu1, in Gulf County, Florida.
This is essentially the same as Lamar Bold Incised. Named after the Irene site, 9Ch1, in the northern portion of Savannah excavated in the late 1930s.
This type was named by Gordon Willey in 1949. It also is part of the Weeden Island Series.
The Kelvin series was defined by Fred Cook for late Swift Creek ceramics on the central to lower Georgia Coast. He considered this material sufficiently unique to warrant a separate series designation. The material was named after the Kelvin Grove subdivision site on St. Simons Island. Probably related to some of the Weeden Island types. Cook himself considered this a tentative type.
The Kelvin series was defined by Fred Cook for late Swift Creek ceramics on the central to lower Georgia Coast. He considered this material sufficiently unique to warrant a separate series designation. The material was named after the Kelvin Grove subdivision site on St. Simons Island. Cook considered this a tentative type.
Named by Joseph Caldwell in his master's thesis after WPA excavations at Fort King George at Darien in McIntosh County near the mouth of the Altamaha River. Joseph Caldwell and his wife, Sheila Kelly Caldwell, eventually renamed this type as Altamaha Incised presumably because this was an Indian pottery that definitely preceded the construction of the Fort. This term should probably not be used.
Named after a creek in Jackson Country in northeastern Alabama by Marion Heimlich based upon excavation in the Guntersville Basin on the Tennessee River.
Frank Schnell, Jim Knight, and Gail Schnell created this catch-all category for three different varieties of pottery. These include Cool Branch Incised, Lake Jackson Incised, and Lake Jackson Plain. This was done based upon their work at the Cemochechobee site in Clay County. The reader is referred to in their detailed discussion. Named after the famous Lake Jackson site in the northern city limits of Tallahassee, Florida.
This was defined by William Sears based upon excavations at the Tierra Verde site in Florida. Frank Schnell, Jim Knight, and Gail Schnell have included this in their Lake Jackson Decorated type. Named for the famous Lake Jackson site in the northern city limits of Tallahassee, Florida
This type is named after the Lamar site, 9Bi2, at Macon. Jesse Jennings and Charles Fairbanks formally defined this type, although James Ford and Arthur Kelly had recognized in 1934 from their excavations at Lamar.
This type has apparently never been defined per se, but is often used in conversation. It has frequently been used as the equivalent of Lamar Bold Incised, which is the preferred name, and it is commonly seen in the literature.
This has never been formally defined as far as we know, but it is commonly used by archaeologists.
Gordon Willey excavated at the Lawson Field site located on Fort Benning near Columbus, Georgia, in 1939. It is uncertain if this is a useful type. A better type name for this sort of pottery might be Ocmulgee Fields Incised. Lawson Field is the name for the airport landing strip at Fort Benning.
Named apparently by Tom Lewis and Madeline Kneberg after Ledford Island in the Tennessee River. It is not sure what variation this is.
Gordon Willey defined this type from his survey of the Manatee region located along the southern central Gulf Coast of Florida. The Manatee name is presumably derived from the region and county of the same name.
This type was defined by Jesse Jennings and Charles Fairbanks in 1940. Named for Macon, Georgia. This is a very odd pottery type, apparently associated with some unique vessel shape and function.
This type was defined by Lewis Larson. Named after McIntosh County on the Georgia Coast. See also Altamaha Incised
Named after an island flooded under the waters of the Guntersville Reservoir in northeastern Alabama. Named by Marion Heimlich.
Named after Morgan County, Georgia. First found by Mark Williams at the Joe Bell site, 9Mg28, at the junction of the Apalachee and Oconee Rivers, now under Lake Oconee. The formal recognition of this type was by Marvin Smith at the Dyar site, 9Ge5, now also in Lake Oconee.
Defined by Frank Schnell, Jim Knight, and Gail Schnell based upon their work at the Cemochechobee site in Clay County. This pottery is defined by its fine paste and distinctive color.
First recognized at the Joe Bell site (9Mg28), by Mark Williams and then seen throughout the Piedmont part of the Oconee Valley. Never formally named until now.
Used by Arthur Kelly and Charles Fairbanks orally, based upon their separate work at 9Bl16 in Baldwin County just south of Milledgeville. Use the name Ocmulgee Fields Incised instead.
Named after Orange County, Florida, by James B. Griffin.
Similar, but earlier than, Weeden Island Zoned Red. Named by Gordon Willey after the Pierce site, 8Fr14, in Franklin County, Florida.
Little known type named by Sheila Caldwell from work at Fort King George.
This type is related to Fort Walton Incised. Named by Gordon Willey for Pinellas County, Florida.
Named by Gordon Willey for the Point Washington site excavated by Clarence B. Moore in Washington County, Florida.
The Qualla series was named by Brian Egloff based upon excavations by a number of people in western North Carolina, as well as northern South Carolina. This material is essentially Lamar series material, and that term is recommended for use in Georgia. Named after the Qualla Cherokee Reservation.
Named for the Refuge site north of Savannah, on the Savannah River, which was excavated by Antonio Waring.
This is Lamar Incised pottery that was given the name Rood's Incised by Joseph Caldwell for sherds from the Rood's Landing site in Stewart County, Georgia (9SW1).
Defined by Marion Heimlich for pottery found in the Guntersville Basin along the Tennessee River in northeastern Alabama. This type has been found at both the Little Egypt site by David Hally and at the Etowah site by Adam King.
This type was originally defined by Gordon Willey. Named for the Safety Harbor site, 8Pi2, in Pinellas County, Florida.
Named by Gordon Willey from work in southeast Florida for Sanibel Island. This type was listed in the 1969 Georgia list developed under Joseph Caldwell, but it seems very unlikely that this type has ever been found in Georgia.
The defining factor in St. Johns series is the temper. The temper in this type is diatomaceous earth. The diatomaceous earth occurs along the St. Johns River and is in the clay naturally. Many motifs of St Johns Incised are identical to Orange Incised, lending some credence to the idea of St. Johns developing from the Orange series.
This is fiber-tempered pottery from the lower Georgia Coast. These are the original names given to the fiber tempered pottery in Georgia based on work by Preston Holder on St. Simons Island in the 1930s. However this type did not have a written description and people began recognizing that this was the same pottery as the Stallings Incised pottery and dropped the use of this name.
This is fiber-tempered pottery from the lower Georgia Coast. These are the original names given to the fiber tempered pottery in Georgia based on work by Preston Holder on St. Simons Island in the 1930s. However this type did not have a written description and people began recognizing that this was the same pottery as the Stallings Island pottery and dropped the use of this name.
This was mentioned by Antonio Waring as a type in the Stallings series. He did not formally define it, however.
This type is part of the Thom's Creek series from west-central South Carolina. This type is discussed extensively in the Groton Plantation Report by Jim Stoltman. Many have suggested that this type is a transitional type between fiber and sand-tempered pottery types.
The original name for this fiber-tempered pottery is Orange Incised B in northeastern and central Florida. Tick Island is one motif of Orange Incised. Occurs on lower Georgia Coast, as far north as St. Simons Island.
This is the type name for Lamar Bold Incised pottery at the Tugalo site, 9St1, in Stephens County. This may be a folk name among archaeologists and is not recommended for future use. We could not find it in print other than in Broyles. Presumably defined by Arthur Kelly or, perhaps, Joseph Caldwell.
Named after Upatoi Creek at Fort Benning near Columbus by David Chase.
Named by Chester DePratter and Mark Williams as a result of reanalysis work on the collections from the Deptford site (9Ch2).
This type was originally defined by Gordon Willey for the Florida Gulf Coast. Named after the Weeden Island site, 8Pi1, in Pinellas County, Florida.
Background This type was originally defined in the Wheeler Basin on the Tennessee River in north-central Alabama based upon WPA excavations there in the 1930s. The fiber-tempered pottery of this area has traditionally been looked at as later than that occurring in the Savannah River basin and Florida.
Named by Robert Wauchope as part of the Woodstock series. Named after Woodstock, Georgia.
No formal type description in Robert Wauchope 1948, only the name is mentioned. Named after Woodstock, Georgia. Use the name Woodstock Incised instead.
Dave Chase toyed with using this name for incised pottery found at the Walker Street site south of Columbus, but settled for X Incised instead, thus accidentally putting both names in the literature at the same time. Presumably named after the Woolfolk mound.
Dave Chase used this name for this incised pottery found at the Walker Street site south of Columbus.